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Participatory Farming Programme in Karippur

Participatory Farming Programme in Karippur

On Wednesday the 17th October 2018, AuroKrishi team visited Karippur village, Tiruvannamalai district, for the Participatory Farming Programme (PFP). Ved Prakash Sharma and the team met Mr. R. Selvaraj, a farmer in the village, to sow the seeds for raising the nursery. We plan to cultivate 4 acres of paddy through System Rice Intensification method (SRI). The land right now is in the process of being converted. In 3 weeks time the seedlings will be ready for transplantation.

What is Green leaf manure

Part of the nursery and main field land preparation is the cultivation and application of green manure crop which is crucial in increasing the soil nutrient.

Green leaf manuring is a process of applying green leaves and twigs of trees, shrubs and herbs collected from elsewhere. The main sources of green leaf manure are the forest tree leaves. Other sources include plants growing in wastelands, field bunds etc. The important plant species useful for this technique are neem, mahua, wild indigo, Glyricidia, Karanj (Pongamia glabra) calotropis, avise (Sesbania grandiflora) subabul and other shrubs.

Nutrient content of green leaf manure

Plant

Scientific name

Nutrient content (%) on air dry basis

N

P2O5

K

Gliricidia

Gliricidia sepium

2.76

0.28

4.60

Pongania

Pongamia glabra

3.31

0.44

2.39

Neem

Azadirachta indica

2.83

0.28

0.35

Ipomoea

Ipomoea

2.01

0.33

0.40

Cassia

Cassia fistula

1.60

0.24

1.20

THE ADVANTAGES OF GREEN LEAF MANURE
  1. 1. Green manuring improves soil structure, increases water holding capacity and decreases soil loss by erosion.
  2. 2. Growing of green manure crops in the off season reduces weed proliferation and weed growth.
  3. 3. Green manuring helps in reclamation of alkaline soils. Root knot nematodes can be controlled by green manuring.
SEED TREATMENT

Seed treatment refers to the use and application of biological and chemical agents, on the seeds so as to disinfect them from seed-borne or soil-borne pathogenic organisms and storage insects.

The seed treatment is done to achieve the following benefits:

  1. 1. Prevents spread of plant diseases
  2. 2. Protects seed from seed rot and seedling blights
  3. 3. Improves germination
  4. 4. Provides protection from storage insects
  5. 5. Controls soil insects.

We used Pseudomonas fluorescens for the paddy seed treatment. Mr.Manikandan explained the seed treatment process and its importance to Mr. R. Selvaraj and his neighbourhood farmers and farm workers.

NURSERY RAISING

We are going to produce following three traditional paddy varieties.

  1. 1. Thuyamalli -30 Kgs for 3 acres
  2. 2. Mappilai Samba -10 Kgs for 1 acre
  3. 3. Seeraga Samba -10 Kgs for 1 acre